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Requirements for future Quantum Workforce: Main 1

This is the second round of a three-round Delphi study (Pilot, Main 1, Main 2) to identify skills future Quantum Workforce will need.


Dear Participant,

Thank you for your interest in Quantum Workforce and the skills they should have.

Your answers to the following questions will help us to get an overview about what might be important to teach to future students during their studies, as well as different points of view and priorities from industry, education or other perspectives. The results will help the European Quantum Flagship project QTEdu to create a competence framework on quantum technologies for non-physicists. 

This study is based on the Delphi method, i.e. it uses an iterative process of surveys influenced by the results of the previous survey to collect expert opinions and predictions. As a part of this method, a pilot round took place around March 2020. You will find some quotes - in italics - and other results from the responses of the pilot study in the questions. A second main round in the form of another survey will follow on the basis of your answers to this questionnaire.
You don't have to answer all questions of this Delphi study, but the more you answer, the more you will help us!

In this survey we will ask questions on three main topics: First, some questions about yourself (to categorize your later answers), then 2 questions about Quantum Workforce and 7 questions about the Quantum Technologies. You can use the "Question index" in the upper right corner for navigation. Answering this survey takes about 30 minutes.

Your opinions are collected and used for research purposes only. Data may be published anonymously.

Preliminary Remarks

(More in the Data Protection Information under points 4, 6 and 9)

Participation in the survey is voluntary. You can object to the use of your data at any time and request its deletion. For this purpose, you need the date and time of your answer or your answer to the first question (e-mail address, pseudonym or code). The answer to this question allows us to identify your response in this and other surveys of this study. For the evaluation, this answer will be pseudonymised before further persons will be included in the evaluation process.

If you cancel the response, you will not suffer any disadvantages. You can delete data already entered with the button "Exit and clear survey", which you will find on the following pages at the top right. If you have any questions or comments, please contact Franziska Gerke (f.gerke(at)

The Gauss IT Centre offers members of the TU Braunschweig a web-based solution for conducting online surveys with LimeSurvey. The collected data is stored centrally on the system of the Gauss IT Centre. (

Information about data protection at Limesurvey can be found at


Data Protection Information

1. Name and Address of the Controller

The controller as described in the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) and other national data protection acts as a member states as well as other data protection provisions is:

Technische Universität Braunschweig
Universitätsplatz 2
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: +49 (531) 391- 0
E-Mail: praesidentin(at)

Represented by the President, Prof. Dr. Anke Kaysser-Pyzalla


2. Name and Address of the person responsible for the survey

Head Rainer Müller and team member Franziska Gerke are responsible for the preparation, realization and evaluation: 

Prof. Dr. Rainer Müller
Institut für Fachdidaktik der Naturwissenschaften
Abteilung Physik und Physikdidaktik
Bienroder Weg 82
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: +49 (531) 391 - 94121
E-Mail: rainer.mueller(at)

Franziska Gerke
Institut für Fachdidaktik der Naturwissenschaften
Abteilung Physik und Physikdidaktik
Bienroder Weg 82
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: +49 (531) 391 - 94122
E-Mail: f.gerke(at)


3. Name and Address of the Data Protection Officer

The data protection officer at Technische Universität Braunschweig is:

Dr. Bernd Nörtemann
Bienroder Weg 80
38106 Braunschweig
Tel.: +49 (531) 391 - 7654
E-Mail: datenschutz(at)


4. Purpose and legal basis of personal data processing

(Art. 13(1) point c) EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR))


Purpose of the survey is to identify the needs and specific requirements of professionals who work with new quantum technologies but are not physicists. This first main round will provide an deeper insight of what might be important to them during their studies, as well as different views and priorities from industry, education or other perspectives. For this purpose, mainly the results of the pilot round, which took place around March 2020, will be used.

The long-term goal is to develop a kind of competence model, for which further surveys are planned.

Legal basis:

According to § 3 NDSG [Lower Saxony Data Protection Act] in connection with Art. 6(1) point a) GDPR, the processing is legal, since the data subject has given his or her agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her before the start of the survey for the purposes described above.


5. Categories of personal data processed

During participation in the survey and its evaluation, only the following data will be collected, processed and used from you, which is publicly accessible or has already been made available to us by you within the framework of the developing Quantum Communication Network (QCN) or the Quantum Flagship Coordination and Support Action (CSA), or which is disclosed to us by you in the process of answering the questions. These are in particular (where appropriate):

  • Personal contact information:
    • Title, surname, first name (will not be asked in the survey),
    • valid e-mail address(es) (first question),
  • Data on your professional situation and own expertise (section "At first some questions about you"),
  • Opinions and forecasts (main part of the survey).

If an e-mail address is entered, it will be pseudonymised for evaluation purposes before other persons are included. Study results that are published will be anonymised.


6. Data erasure and storage period

The personal data of the person concerned will be deleted or blocked by the TU Braunschweig as soon as the purpose of storage is no longer applicable or a consent serving as a legal basis for processing is revoked, unless there is another legal basis for processing. Further storage may be legitimate and necessary, for example, if the European or national legislator in Union regulations, laws or other regulations to which the person responsible is subject has provided for this. Data shall be blocked or deleted when a storage period prescribed by the named standards expires, unless there is a need for further storage of the data for the conclusion or performance of a contract.

The raw data will be deleted as soon as possible, expected at the latest when the study is completed in mid 2021.


7. Recipients or categories of recipients of the personal data

(Art. 13(1) point e) GDPR)
Your personal data will - with existing legal basis and only as far as necessary - be forwarded to:


  • Employees of the responsible office, i.e. the Department of Physics Education at the TU Braunschweig.


  • Involved in the study from other research institutions, especially Philipp Bitzenbauer (FAU Erlangen), Malte Ubben (WWU Münster) and Dr. Kim-Alessandro Weber (LU Hannover)
  • The collected data will be used in a planned European Education Program in Quantum Technologies as part of the Quantum Flagship Initiative. For this purpose, pseudonymised data may be passed on to EU member states plus associated countries (
  • Courts in case of lawsuits.


8. Transmission to a third country

(Art. 13(1) point f) GDPR)
Within the framework of the project mentioned under point 7 "External", pseudonymised data may be passed on to EU member states plus associated countries ( It is not intended to transfer your data to a third country / international organisation before pseudonymisation. If, in an exceptional case, a transfer to a third country takes place, this will be done based on the basic data protection regulation.


9. Rights of the data subjects

9.1 Right of access

(Art. 15 GDPR)
You have the right to obtain access to your stored personal data and its processing.

9.2 Right to rectification

(Art. 16 GDPR)
If your personal data is incorrect or incomplete, you have the right to have it corrected.

9.3 Right to erasure/ restriction of processing

(Art. 17, 18 GDPR)
You have the right to request the deletion or restriction of the processing of your personal data in accordance with the legal requirements.

9.4 Right to data portability

(Art. 20 GDPR)
You have the right to data portability, for data processed with the help of automated procedures.

9.5 Right to object

(Art. 21 GDPR)
You have the right to object at any time to the processing of your data for reasons relating to your specific situation, unless an overriding public interest or legal provision precludes this.

9.6 Right to lodge a complaint with a supervisory authority

(Art. 77 GDPR)
Without prejudice to any other administrative or judicial remedy, you have the right to complain to a supervisory authority, in particular in the Member State in which you are resident, your place of work or the place of the alleged infringement, if you consider that the processing of personal data concerning you is in breach of the GDPR.


Contact details of the data protection supervisory authority of Lower Saxony:

Die Landesbeauftragte für den Datenschutz Niedersachsen
Prinzenstraße 5
30159 Hannover
Telefon: 0511-120 4500
Fax: 0511-120 4599
E-Mail: poststelle(at)

The supervisory authority to which the complaint has been submitted shall inform the complainant of the status and the results of the complaint, including the possibility of a judicial remedy pursuant to Art. 78 GDPR.

Further data protection information of the TU Braunschweig can be found under:


The data protection information was compiled to the best of our knowledge and belief. No liability is assumed for the contents of the linked pages. All links were last checked on 17.02.2020.